Policy Brief C20 Education, Digitalization, and Civic Space Working Group

Thumbnail Image
Gita Putri Damayana
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Pusat Studi Hukum dan Kebijakan Indonesia [PSHK]
‘Civic space’ is a term referring to conditions of freedom of expression and speech, association and assembly, as elaborated in the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). In a broader term, civic space also includes the right of defending rights for human rights defenders (HRDs) and the right to meaningful participation in general. All countries have duties to respect and protect these rights, and any measures taken against the objectives of these rights are equivalent to intervention of human rights. Further, shrinking civic space (SCS) is the term used to portray the declining situation of the previous democratic components that are required to enable citizen control. The SCS trend includes the passing of restrictive policies on the freedom of expression, speech, association, participation and assembly, as well as illegal measures against civil society activists, journalists, scholars, employees and HRDs. What appears to be evident in some countries, nonetheless, are the tendencies to overlook meaningful participation in both the policy making and implementation process. Upon these matters, the 2022 C20 Civic Space Sub-Working Group draws attention to the following challenges, opportunities and recommendations to be taken by G20 leaders.